爱因斯坦论中国人 (转)

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爱因斯坦论中国人 (转)

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爱因斯坦曾游历亚洲,在他的私人日记发表了对中国人的看法,那时没有什么“种族歧视”的说法,爱因斯坦是搞科学的高智商人才,他可能不会委婉的赞美,而是将自己观点直白表达,私人日记又是不打算发表的,所以写得应该比较客观,反应了真实中国人的一面。

爱因斯坦对于中国人的印象极差。 爱因斯坦在游记中写道:“中国人吃饭的时候不坐在长凳上,而是蹲着,就像欧洲人在茂密的树林里解手的时候所做的那样。就连孩子们看起来都是无精打采的迟钝样子。”爱因斯坦还用“勤劳”但“肮脏和迟钝”这三个词来形容所有的中国人。 爱因斯坦还在日记中描写了中国人拥有“旺盛的繁殖力”并评论说:“如果这些中国人取代了其他种族,那就太可惜了。对于像我们这样的人来说,缺乏思想将是无法言说的枯燥乏味。”

他又在日记中写到,“甚至那些像牛马一样工作的人看上去也没什么痛苦,这完全是一个像牲口似的民族,更像机器而不像人。我注意到这里(中国)男女的差别微乎其微,我不明白中国女性具有何种魅力吸引男性到这个程度,让他们生下这么多后代。”

有些西方的学者读了爱因斯坦日记后,认为他是xenophobia(种族主义者)

爱因斯坦对日本人印象不错,他在日记中评价日本人:“日本人很内敛,文雅,很吸引人,日本人灵魂很纯粹,他们崇拜自己的国家。”

这里解释一下爱因斯坦的疑问,为何低劣素质的种族异性之间也能互相吸引。异性特别是女性会产生一些性方面的外在表达吸引男性,这是生物繁殖的需要,任何生物都有这种吸引机制,就像母老鼠会吸引公老鼠繁殖小老鼠一样。中国的很多男性看低劣的朝鲜女性也感觉她们很美,认为朝鲜女孩“纯天然,没整过容,很自然的美”,实际上朝鲜女性同朝鲜男性差别并不大,之所以认为朝鲜女人美,是因为被朝鲜女性散发的用以吸引异性的外在性特征给欺骗了。

爱因斯坦日记英译版摘选:

In China, the man who famously once described racism as “a disease of white people” describes the “industrious, filthy, obtuse people” he observes. He notes how the “Chinese don’t sit on benches while eating but squat like Europeans do when they relieve themselves out in the leafy woods. All this occurs quietly and demurely. Even the children are spiritless and look obtuse.” After earlier writing of the “abundance of offspring” and the “fecundity” of the Chinese, he goes on to say: “It would be a pity if these Chinese supplant all other races. For the likes of us the mere thought is unspeakably dreary.”

Further passages in the diaries, which are thought to have been written for Einstein’s stepdaughters in Berlin while he and his wife were travelling in Asia, Spain and Palestine, and as an aide memoire, see him writing of the Chinese that “even those reduced to working like horses never give the impression of conscious suffering. A peculiar herd-like nation [ … ] often more like automatons than people.” He later adds, “a healthy dose of extreme misogyny” to his xenophobia with the observation: “I noticed how little difference there is between men and women; I don’t understand what kind of fatal attraction Chinese women possess which enthrals the corresponding men to such an extent that they are incapable of defending themselves against the formidable blessing of offspring”.

Einstein’s perceptions of the Japanese he meets are, in contrast, more positive: “Japanese unostentatious, decent, altogether very appealing,” he writes. “Pure souls as nowhere else among people. One has to love and admire this country.”